How a General Dentistry Practitioner Screens for Cavities

General Dentistry Hackensack, NJ

General dentistry includes preventing and treating issues like cavities, which are tiny holes that form on teeth surfaces that have been damaged by the acids made by oral bacteria. Also known as caries, these openings continuously expand until they are treated or cause a total loss of the teeth.

Tooth decay is the top reason that people seek dental care. It is a slow process, and it typically starts with a demineralization stage that can be reversed with fluoride treatments. If it goes untreated, it eventually leads to cavities, which eat into a tooth’s structures. Symptoms of cavities include:

  • Increased sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages
  • Sporadic toothaches
  • Pain caused by bite pressure
  • Visible holes forming on teeth
  • Black or brown stains forming on teeth

General dentistry methods for diagnosing cavities

Tooth decay typically does not have any symptoms in its early stages, making it challenging to detect. Most people do not notice any decay until it starts causing symptoms like toothaches. General dentistry recommends getting biannual dental check-ups, which help with the early diagnosis of cavities.

The earlier that a cavity is detected, the cheaper it is to treat, and the patient ends up dealing with less discomfort. A few ways that a general dentist can diagnose tooth decay include:

  • Visual examinations: Dentists often detect tooth decay when visually examining a patient’s mouth during a routine check-up; they look for signs of discoloration caused by tooth decay and visible holes on the patient’s teeth
  • Probing: Dentists can also detect tooth decay by probing the teeth with their fingers or dental instruments; patients typically feel pain when a tooth with a cavity is touched
  • X-rays: X-rays are also used to help diagnose cavities, as these enable dentists to evaluate the damage to a tooth’s internal structures

Treatment options

Treatments that a dentist might recommend to patients diagnosed with cavities include the following. 

1. Fluoride treatments

Fluoride treatments can reverse the first stage of tooth decay. The treatment involves having the patient bite down on a mouth tray filled with a fluoride product.

2. Fillings

Fillings are the go-to treatment for cavities. The material closes up the hole created by a cavity, preventing the acids made by oral bacteria from expanding it further. Treatment with fillings typically involves removing decayed material from the tooth before sealing it. Silver amalgam fillings were the standard for almost a century, but composite fillings are more popular nowadays because they can be color matched with the rest of the patient’s teeth.

3. Root canal

Root canal therapy is usually recommended when decay compromises a tooth’s pulp chamber. The treatment involves removing the soft tissues in the pulp chamber and resealing the tooth.

Frequently asked questions about tooth decay

Here are answers to questions that patients might have regarding tooth decay and how dentists address it.

1. What is the best way to avert tooth decay?

The best way to prevent tooth decay is by practicing good oral hygiene. This means cleaning the teeth twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash. Patients should also avoid sugary foods and drinks. Oral bacteria consume the sugars left in the mouth from such foods and beverages and convert them into acids that destroy teeth.

Many factors can promote tooth decay, such as diet, medications, and genetics. However, if a patient does not brush and floss regularly, they are more likely to develop cavities because plaque will accumulate on the teeth and turn into tartar.

2. Can tooth decay be reversed?

In certain cases, yes. If the decay is caught early enough, the dentist may be able to reverse it with a fluoride treatment. This gives teeth all the fluoride that they need to rebuild parts that have been demineralized by decay. However, if the decay has evolved to the point that it has caused a cavity, the patient will need a more serious procedure, such as a filling, crown, or root canal.

3. What are the symptoms of tooth decay?

Tooth decay typically leads to toothaches that intensify when hot or cold foods/beverages are consumed. It can also cause tooth sensitivity, which leads to pain when the teeth are exposed to hot, cold, acidic, or sweet things.

Tooth decay leads to visible holes in the teeth, called caries or cavities. If the decay is left unaddressed, it can eventually lead to an abscess, a pus-filled pocket that forms around the tooth. 

We diagnose and treat cavities

Have you noticed cavities forming on your teeth? Get them addressed immediately. Call or stop by our Hackensack clinic to explore general dentistry treatment options with our dentist.

Request an appointment here: https://www.smilebeautification.com or call Rolando Cibischino D.M.D. at (201) 204-1355 for an appointment in our Hackensack office.

Check out what others are saying about our dental services on Yelp: General Dentist in Hackensack, NJ.

Recent Posts

General Dentistry Tips For Dealing With A Loose Tooth

A loose tooth is not something that anyone wants to deal with as an adult. Thankfully, general dentists are trained and equipped to know what to do when a patient experiences a loosened tooth. Adult teeth can become loose as a result of an infection in the oral cavity. More often than not, this is due…

A General Dentist Discusses Cavity Treatment

Your experienced general dentist can repair your cavities. Assessing your teeth will come first. Then, the dentist will discuss the treatment options with you. Knowing which option can help you the most can prepare you for the visit. Here are the details about the different cavity treatments that your general dentist can discuss with you.The…

A General Dentist Can Save An Injured Tooth

Have you ever suffered from an injury that left your teeth in pain? How do you know if you have an injured tooth? How can it be fixed? An injured tooth doesn’t have to be the end of the world, even though there are some instances where it can be fatal. Keep your teeth healthy…

Are There Different Types Of Toothaches?

Dentists recognize many types of toothaches. Each tooth pain carries a different intensity and meaning, and each type is caused by a different dental issue. You may not know what kind of ache you have right now. Understanding it, and getting in touch with a licensed dentist to alleviate your pain, are important steps in…

Recent Posts

What To Know Before Getting Dental Implants

What To Know Before Getting Dental Implants

In recent years, dental implants have become a popular treatment for patients who have missing teeth. Implants restore functionality to the mouth by making it easier to bite into foods and chew them properly. In addition, they may restore confidence in speaking and smiling. Implants may not be for everybody, though, and it is important…

A Dentist&#    ;s Recommendation On How To Treat A Broken Tooth

A Dentist's Recommendation On How To Treat A Broken Tooth

Individuals who have broken teeth may suffer from a lack of self-confidence. Whether you broke your tooth eating something hard or experienced trauma that directly or indirectly impacted the tooth, it is a good idea to get it fixed. Treating a broken tooth has not only aesthetic benefits but also provides dental and overall health…